Identifying Orthopedic Injuries
Orthopedic Injuries can affect different parts of the body. These injuries vary in terms of severity depending on a number of factors. Orthopedic injuries are classified according to what bones and area of the body is affected. Identifying the type and severity of a fracture is important in order so that doctors are able to perscribed the right kind of treatment.
Following is a list of the common fractures and orthopedic injuries:
Transverse fracture – This is a clean and repairable fracture, where the break runs perpendicular to the bone. This usually occurs when a person is engaged to high impact sports and car accidents. Once the bone suffers a transverse fracture, they are misaligned and often have to be adjusted before being set.
Oblique fracture – Oblique fracture is also like a transverse fracture, only that the break runs in a slant pattern rather than perpendicular. It typically is limited to a single plane and therefore is broken at an angle to the bone.
Comminuted fracture – This type of fracture describes the fragmentation of the bones into pieces. It is subdivided into either undisplaced or displaced, where the former refers to the bone fragments sticking together, while the latter implies that the pieces have moved away from their original position.
Spiral fracture – This type of fracture shares one attribute with the oblique fracture, and that is the diagonal break. The only difference is that the angles in a spiral fracture are different on one side compared to the other.
Greenstick fracture – This kind of fracture is often encountered by pediatric orthopedic surgeons, which means that the bone breakage is incomplete. In a greenstick fracture, one side of the fractured bone is snapped, while the other side is bent. In most cases, the doctors would put a cast on the affected area in order for the bone to heal.
Impacted fracture – This type of fracture refers to the constant loss of the bony cortex due to compressive forces. In this case, the bone doesn’t actually break from the outside. However, the inner part is affected. The fractured ends are often driven into each other, and that causes pain and swelling. Other names for this kind of fracture are the buckle and torus fracture.
Pathologic fracture – This kind of fracture often results from existing conditions, such as osteoporosis, bone cancer, or infection, instead of physical trauma.
If you, or someone you love, has sustained an orthopedic injury as a result of an auto accident, you may want to consult with an attorney to see if they can help you with a recovery. Contact us today for a free legal case evaluation.