A closed head injury happens when a violent trauma happens to the brain and it is injured as a result of a blow to the head, or a sudden, violent motion that causes the brain to knock against the skull. A lot of people think a closed head injury is different from an open head injury, in that no object actually penetrates the brain and they are correct, but closed head injuries can diffuse, meaning that they can and usually affect cells and tissues throughout the brain; compared to a focal injury, meaning that the damage occurs in one area. Most closed head injuries range from mild to severe.
Causes & Symptoms of a Closed Head Injury
Really anything can cause a closed head injury as long as it does enough damage to cause the trauma listed above. Most common causes of a closed head injury include automobile accidents, assault, falls, work-related accidents, and sports-related accidents. Once a closed heady injury happens, some of the symptoms can show their ugly face immediately if severe of days and even weeks if more on the mild side. Here are some of the majority of the symptoms that can include:
- Loss of consciousness
- Dilated pupils
- Respiratory issues
- Nausea and vomiting
- Spinal fluid leaking from nose or ears
- Speech and language problems
- Vision issues
- Emotional and behavioral changes
Long Term Effects – Closed Head Injury
This is a very tricky one as the degree and rate of recovery is highly dependent upon individual circumstances. Something that plays a big factor is the amount of time spent unconscious or in a coma. Another one is much of normal activity is recovered within the first few week to a month.